 # What is MOIC?

MOIC stands for Multiple on Invested Capital. It is a metric used to measure the performance of a private equity investment. MOIC is calculated by dividing the total value of an investment by the initial investment amount. For example, if an investment is worth \$100 million after 10 years, and the initial investment was \$50 million, then the MOIC would be 2x.

How is MOIC calculated?

The formula for calculating MOIC is:

(Total Value of Investment – Initial Investment) / Initial Investment

What does MOIC tell me?

MOIC tells you how much value an investment has generated over its lifetime. It is a simple metric to understand, and it can be used to compare the performance of different investments. However, it is important to note that MOIC does not consider the time value of money. This means that an investment with a higher MOIC may not necessarily be a better investment than an investment with a lower MOIC if the higher MOIC investment took longer to generate its returns.

What are the limitations of MOIC?

MOIC has a few limitations. As we just noted, it does not consider the time value of money. Second, it does not consider the risk of an investment. Third, it can be difficult to calculate MOIC for investments that are still in progress.

What are some alternatives to MOIC?

There are a few alternatives to MOIC that can be used to measure the performance of private equity investments. These include:

• IRR (Internal Rate of Return): IRR is a more complex metric than MOIC, but it considers the time value of money.
• DPI (Distributions to Paid-in Capital): DPI measures the amount of cash that has been distributed to investors as a percentage of their initial investment.
• TVPI (Total Value to Paid-in Capital): TVPI measures the total value of an investment as a percentage of its initial investment.

Which metric is best?

The best metric to use depends on your specific investment goals and objectives. If you are looking for a simple metric to understand, then MOIC may be a good choice. However, if you are looking for a metric that takes into account the time value of money and the risk of an investment, then IRR or TVPI may be a better choice.

Conclusion

MOIC is a useful metric for measuring the performance of private equity investments. However, it is important to be aware of its limitations before using it to make investment decisions.